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Abstract Guidelines

To facilitate the submission process and the subsequent follow-up process, please consider the following guidelines, information, tips, terms and deadlines mentioned.

Abstract Guidelines

Section Subtitle

  • An abstract is a compendious summary of a research paper’s substance including its background, purpose, methodology, results, and conclusion.

  • It should be one paragraph with a word limit of 175-275.

  • Keywords should be provided as a must (no more than 06 words).

  • Keywords should be written in lowercase letters (Not applicable to names/scientific names) and should be separated with commas.

  • Please do not include subheadings, bullets, lists and header/footer in the abstract.

  • Abstract titles should be short, but descriptive. Informative titles, indicating key points are encouraged. Abbreviations should not be used in the title.

  • Acronyms should be written in full the first time, mentioned in the text, followed by the abbreviation in parentheses.

  • Always follow SI Units.

  • Scientific names must be in Italic.

  • There shall be no citations or references in the abstract specifically. If there is a need to cite references, please provide the sources in brackets.



  • Title: Times New Roman, 12 points, Upper case, Centered text in bold

  • Body: Times New Roman, 11 points; Line spacing: 1, one column of text



  • Affiliations should be indicated with superscript Arabic numbers appearing at the end of surname/family name.

  • A superscript asterisk shout be used for the corresponding author.

  • Names of affiliations should be given including the country.

  • If there is more than one name and address, they should be related by superscript numbers.


Surname INITIALS 1, Surname INITIALS 1* and Surname INITIALS 2

1 Department, Faculty, University, Country

2 Department, Institute, Country

* (* Email address of the corresponding author)

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